The Evolution of Lebanese and Syrian State-to-State Relations

Eduardo Aboultaif* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lebanese and Syrian state-to-state relations have not been studied extensively by researchers despite their importance. This article will evaluate the relationship and will consider three stages for their evolution of the affairs; the first stage demonstrates cooperation and harmony for the sake of independence and managing their differences. The second stage is characterized by the Ba‘ath domination of Lebanon. The third and final stage deals with the search for Lebanese sovereignty after the withdrawal of Syria from Lebanon in 2005.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-178
Number of pages17
JournalContemporary Review of the Middle East
Issue number2
Early online date5 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

An earlier version of this article was presented at the University of Sakarya, Turkey, during the Second Middle East Congress, October 2014. I am thankful for my PhD advisor William Harris, and for the anonymous reviewers who provided important comments to improve the quality of the article.


  • Lebanon–Syria relations
  • Ba‘ath
  • pan-Arabism
  • Syrian withdrawal


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