The Firearms Protocol and the Arms Trade Treaty: Divergence or Complementarity?


Research output: Other contribution


Two major United Nations treaties govern illicit arms trade and trafficking
since the early twenty-first century. The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing
of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and
Ammunition (generally known as the Firearms Protocol (FP)), adopted by
the United Nations General Assembly in May 2001, supplementing its parent
instrument, the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized
Crime (UNTOC), which entered into force in July 2005. Over a decade
later, the second instrument, the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), was opened for
signature in June 2013, and entered into force in December 2014.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Number of pages18
Place of PublicationVienna
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameIssue Paper
PublisherUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Bibliographical note

This Paper was developed by the Global Firearms Programme (GFP), Implementation
Support Section, Organized Crime and Illicit Trafficking Branch,
Division for Treaty Affairs of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
(UNODC/DTA/OCB/ISS/GFP), under the overall coordination and supervision
of Ms. Simonetta Grassi, Legal Officer and Head of the GFP. The Paper
was drafted by Zeray Yihdego, Senior Lecturer in Public International Law
at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, with contributions from colleagues
in the GFP.
The development of this Paper was made possible by funding received from
the European Union and the UNSCAR Trust Fund (United Nations Trust
Facility Supporting Cooperation on Arms Regulation).


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