The Impact of Repeated Lying on Survey Results

Thomas Chesney*, Kay Penny

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We study the effects on results of participants completing a survey more than once, a phenomenon known as farming. Using data from a real social science study as a baseline, three strategies that participants might use to farm are studied by Monte Carlo simulation. Findings show that farming influences survey results and can cause both statistical hypotheses testing Type I (false positive) and Type II (false negative) errors in unpredictable ways.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSage Open
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2013


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