The influence of load on the frequency response of rock bolt anchorage

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46 Citations (Scopus)


A research programme into both the static and dynamic performance of ground anchorage systems, with an emphasis on resin bonded rock bolts, started at the University of Aberdeen in the early 1980s. The work involved measurements on active construction sites which was underpinned by laboratory and computer modelling and led to the development of a new method for the non-destructive testing of anchorages. Part of the research programme was focused on assessing how changes in the load influence the dynamic responses of an anchorage. This in turn produced a new testing method able to determine the variation in frequency response of the anchorage with changes in load. The development of a lumped parameter model able to simulate the response of anchorages to changes in static load and an applied impulse load was a further step forward in the research programme. The achievements of the lumped parameter model revealed the head of the anchorage to be the most influential component of the anchorage system in determining dynamic response. The results obtained from the numerical model when laboratory anchorages were simulated are shown to be in agreement with the results obtained from the actual laboratory tests. Based on the successful results obtained to date regarding laboratory rock bolt anchorages, a further step was made in order to employ the numerical model for the first time to observe the influence of load on the frequency response of rock bolt anchorages installed in the field. This paper describes the application of the model to such field anchorages and highlights some of the detailed modelling aspects required to replicate real anchorage behaviour. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-705
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Engineering Software
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003


  • ground anchorages
  • numerical modelling
  • dynamics
  • frequency response
  • eigenvalue analysis
  • damping


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