The major 36 kDa Neospora caninum tachyzoite surface protein is closely related to the major Toxoplasma gondii surface antigen

S Sonda, N Fuchs, Bernadette Connolly, P Fernandez, B Gottstein, A Hemphill (Corresponding Author)

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40 Citations (Scopus)


The tachyzoites and the tissue cysts containing bradyzoites of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii, respectively, are difficult to distinguish morphologically. Specific antigens have been identified in T. gondii tachyzoites and bradyzoites, some of which are stage-specifically expressed, and different functions have been attributed to some of them. A tachyzoite stage-specifically expressed surface protein is the major surface antigen 1 (SAG1) which has been shown to be involved in host cell attachment and invasion. Previously we have identified a cell surface-associated glycoprotein (p36) in N. caninum tachyzoites. The full length coding sequence of the cDNA coding for p36 was determined, and analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence demonstrated that p36 is closely related to SAG1. p36 is encoded by a single copy gene which produces a transcript of 1.4 kb. Immunogold labeling of resin-embedded parasites using polyclonal antibodies affinity-purified on a recombinant p36 fusion protein expressed in Escherichia coli showed that this protein is located exclusively on the tachyzoite cell surface. As SAG1 in T. gondii, p36 is expressed in the tachyzoite stage, but is absent from bradyzoites. p36 is recognized by antibodies present in sera of cows experimentally infected with N. caninum tachyzoites.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 1998


  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Protozoan
  • Antigens, Surface
  • Blotting, Western
  • Brain
  • Cattle
  • Cercopithecus aethiops
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neospora
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Toxoplasma
  • Vero Cells


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