The modulation by metallothionein of cadmium-induced cytotoxicity in primary hepatocyte cultures

J H BEATTIE, M MARION, F DENIZEAU

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Abstract

The cytotoxicity of CdCl2 and 2 isoforms of hepatic cadmium-metallothionein (CdMT I and II), was investigated using primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. The cell cultures were exposed to cadmium as CdCl2 or as either isoform of CdMT for a 20-h period at concentrations ranging from 50 to 500 ng Cd·ml-1. Cytotoxicity was assessed by determining the amount of lactic dehydrogenase released from the cells into the incubation medium and the incorporation of [3H] arginine into cell protein. The uptake of Cd by the cells was also measured. Cadmium chloride and both isoforms of CdMT were found to be toxic to hepatocytes although partial protection was afforded by the binding of cadmium to metallothionein (MT). At the higher exposure concentrations and in accordance with the toxicity data, the cells exposed to CdCl2 were found to accumulate more cadmium than those exposed to CdMT. The distribution of cadmium in the culture medium was examined using Sephadex G-75 chromatography. The speciation of cadmium is discussed in relation to its cytotoxicity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalToxicology
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1987

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