There are a variety of challenges faced in the management of invasive fungal diseases (IFD), including high case-fatality rates, high cost of antifungal drugs and development of antifungal resistance. The diagnostic challenges and poor outcomes associated with IFD have resulted in excessive empirical use of antifungals in various hospital settings, exposing many patients without IFD to potential drug toxicities as well as causing spiralling antifungal drug costs. Further complexity arises as different patient groups show marked variation in their risk for IFD, fungal epidemiology, sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic tests and the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of antifungal drugs. To address these issues and to ensure optimal management of IFD, specialist knowledge and experience from a range of backgrounds is required, which extends beyond the remit of most antibiotic stewardship programmes. The first step in the development of any antifungal stewardship (AFS) programme is to build a multidisciplinary team encompassing the necessary expertise in the management of IFD to develop and implement the AFS programme. The specific roles of the key individuals within the AFS team and the importance of collaboration are discussed in this article.
Bibliographical noteA. W. has received consultancy fees from Basilea and Gilead; educational grants from Pfizer and Gilead; and is supported by the Wellcome Trust Strategic Award for Medical Mycology and Fungal Immunology 097377.
This article forms part of a Supplement sponsored and funded by Gilead Sciences Europe Ltd; editorial assistance was provided by Synergy Medical. The content of this Supplement is based on the sessions presented at the CARE VIII meeting, held in Madrid in November 2015.