The roles of the LpSTS and DLPFC in self-prioritization: A transcranial magnetic stimulation study

Qiongdan Liang, Bozhen Zhang, Sinan Fu, Jie Sui* (Corresponding Author), Fei Wang* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


The Self-Attention Network (SAN) has been proposed to describe the underlying neural mechanism of the self-prioritization effect, yet the roles of the key nodes in the SAN—the left posterior superior temporal sulcus (LpSTS) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)—still need to be clarified. One hundred and nine participants were randomly assigned into the LpSTS group, the DLPFC group, or the sham group. We used the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) technique to selectively disrupt the functions of the corresponding targeted region, and observed its impacts on self-prioritization effect based on the difference between the performance of the self-matching task before and after the targeted stimulation. We analyzed both model-free performance measures and HDDM-based performance measures for the self-matching task. The results showed that the inhibition of LpSTS could lead to reduced performance in processing self-related stimuli, which establishes a causal role for the LpSTS in self-related processing and provide direct evidence to support the SAN framework. However, the results of the DLPFC group from HDDM analysis were distinct from the results based on response efficiency. Our investigation further the understanding of the differentiated roles of key nodes in the SAN in supporting the self-salience in information processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1381-1393
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Issue number4
Early online date26 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

The funders have/had no role in study design, data collection, and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Data Availability Statement

All data and analysis code are accessible at


  • HDDM
  • self-attention network
  • self-matching task
  • self-prioritization effect
  • e dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
  • the left posterior superior temporal sulcus
  • the transcranial magnetic stimulation


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