can form the core of such a holistic approach. We do this through an iterative process drawing using three methodological approaches: i) structured literature review; ii) deliberative expert analysis; and iii) wider consultation, before synthesising into this paper. Context-appropriate implementation of responses will be needed to capitalise on potential policy synergies and to ensure that unavoidable trade-offs between management of land and waters for climate
mitigation, biodiversity restoration and human wellbeing outcomes are made explicit. We also set out four approaches to managing trade-offs that can promote fair and just transitions: (1) social and economic policy pivoting towards ‘inclusive wealth’, (2) more integrated policymaking across the three areas; (3) ‘Triple Challenge dialogues’ among state and non-state actors; and (4) a new
research portfolio to underpin (1), (2) and (3).
The authors acknowledge the contributions of Tania Eulalia Martinez Cruz, David Duli, Andre Fourie, Beatrice Kabihogo, Musonda Mumba, Ruth Edma Mwizeere, Melissa Pinfield, Chantal Shalukoma, and Gary Tabor, who took part in discussions on this research. M.C.’s contribution to this research was made possible through support from the Wellcome Trust, Our Planet Our Health (Livestock, Environment and People - LEAP), award number 205212/Z/16/Z.
- Climate change
- human wellbeing
- Sustainable Development Goals
- Convention on Biological Diversity
- Paris agreement