Towards a computational psycholinguistics of reference production

Kees van Deemter, Albert Gatt, Roger van Gompel, Emiel Krahmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


This article introduces the topic “Production of Referring Expressions: Bridging the Gap between Computational and Empirical Approaches to Reference” of the journal Topics in Cognitive Science. We argue that computational and psycholinguistic approaches to reference production can benefit from closer interaction, and that this is likely to result in the construction of algorithms that differ markedly from the ones currently known in the computational literature. We focus particularly on determinism, the feature of existing algorithms that is perhaps most clearly at odds with psycholinguistic results, discussing how future algorithms might include non-determinism, and how new psycholinguistic experiments could inform the development of such algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-183
Number of pages18
JournalTopics in Cognitive Science
Issue number2
Early online date2 Mar 2012
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2012


  • psycholinguistics
  • Natural Language Generation


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