Training and Hysteresis Effects on the Wage Inflation: Unemployment Relationship

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This paper develops a model that shows how training costs incurred by firms alters the relationship between wage inflation and unemployment. During an upswing, firms will take on and train new workers. These workers are, however not shed during a following downswing. This is due to the lump sum training cost forcing a wedge between the level of demand that triggers a firm to begin training new workers and that triggers them to shed trained workers. This has important policy implications as it gives a renewed role to demand-side policy in enhancing labor market flexibility, while reinforcing the value of supply-side incentives to train and educate workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-86
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Post Keynesian Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • human capital
  • hysteresis
  • training
  • unemployment
  • wage inflation


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