True colour imaging of the fundus using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope

P. Vieira, Ayyakkannu Manivannan, Peter Frederick Sharp, John Vincent Forrester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Currently retinal imaging is performed with the fundus camera. This has a number of limitations, in particular the high level of illuminations required for imaging. The scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) has been proposed as an alternative imaging device but to date one of its main limitations has been that it gives only monochromatic images. In this paper we describe an SLO which uses low power red, green and blue lasers to image the human fundus. Using three lasers simultaneously to produce a colour image will increase the fundus exposure by a factor of three. To overcome this problem, a technique has been developed for multiplexing, the lasers so that each point on the retina is imaged by the three lasers pulsed rapidly in sequence. The total exposure is thus kept to the same level as for a single laser and total imaging time is not increased. An example is shown of the image from a patient with diabetic retinopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2002


  • scanning laser ophthalmoscope
  • retina
  • fundus imaging
  • digital colour fundus images
  • RGB imaging
  • diagnosis


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