Typicality and Object Reference

Margaret Ann Mitchell, Ehud Baruch Reiter, Kees van Deemter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPublished conference contribution

11 Citations (Scopus)


Does the typicality of an object affect how we identify it?
When we produce initial reference to a visible object, we are
influenced by a variety of factors, including what is visually
salient (bottom-up influences) as well as our previous experiences
with the object (top-down influences). In this study, we
seek to understand how the top-down influence of typicality
affects initial reference to an object. We use real world, everyday
objects, and focus on the visual properties of SHAPE and
MATERIAL. Our findings suggest that there is a tendency to
select the atypical over the typical. But we have only begun
to scratch the surface of understanding reference to real world
objects. The corresponding annotated corpus from this study
will be made available for future research on modeling reference
in visual domains.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCooperative Minds: Social Interaction and Group Dynamics
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
EditorsMarkus Knauff, Michael Pauen, Natalie Sebanz, Ipke Wachsmuth
Place of PublicationAustin, TX
PublisherCognitive Science Society
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)978-0-9768318-9-1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
Event35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 31 Jul 20133 Aug 2013


Conference35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society


  • referring expressions
  • psycholinguistic experiment

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