Underground Transport: An Overview

Jianqiang Cui*, John D. Nelson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)
380 Downloads (Pure)


Transport systems play an essential role in urban, economic and social development. Utilising underground space for transport is a continuing trend across the globe during past decades. Underground transport systems have been chosen by cities as potential solutions for solving urbanisation problems such as traffic congestion, land shortage, and noise and air pollution. This paper provides an overview of five main forms of underground transport: underground railway systems, underground car parks, urban underground roads and expressways, underground freight transport systems and underground pedestrian systems. In each case the overview explores their origins, development, advantages and challenges, as well as other research foci. The paper then discusses key policy challenges for underground transport systems and provides recommendations for future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-126
Number of pages5
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Early online date18 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • Cities
  • Transport systems
  • Underground space
  • Underground transport


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