Abstract The Patagonian long-finned squid Doryteuthis gahi is an abundant commercial species within Falkland Island waters. The population consists of two temporally distinct spawning cohorts, inferred to have markedly different patterns of migration and timings of ontogenetic events. Ontogenetic migrations of each cohort were confirmed by analysis of the chemical composition of statoliths collected from both cohorts in two consecutive years. Trace element concentrations were quantified using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), to determine temporal and cohort-specific variation. Individual ablation craters, ablated in a transect from the nucleus to the rostrum edge, were aged to produce high-resolution elemental chronologies. Generalized additive mixed models (GAMM) indicated that cohort and life history stage had a significant effect on Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca ratios. Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca ratios were both negatively correlated with near-bottom water temperature, with Ba/Ca also potentially correlated to depth. Statolith elemental chronologies have useful applications as natural tags, discriminating between spawning cohorts.
Bibliographical noteThis work was supported by the Falkland Islands Government. We thank Dr. Simon Chenery and the British Geological Survey for assistance with the LA-ICP-MS analysis and training and use of their facilities. We are grateful to the scientific observers from the Falkland Islands Fisheries Department for sample collection. We thank the Director of Fisheries, John Barton, and the director of SAERI, Paul Brickle, for supporting this work. We thank Dr. Elena Ieno, Dr. Andreas Winter, Dr. Haseeb Randhawa and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments that greatly improved the manuscript.
- Doryteuthis gahi
- Laser ablation ICP-MS
- Trace elements