When do folds unfold during progressive shear?

Maria-Gema Llorens*, Paul D. Bons, Albert Griera, Enrique Gomez-Rivas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Folded layers in rocks can be stretched again, potentially unfolding the folds back to straight layers. Little is known, however, about how to recognize partly or even entirely unfolded layers. When folded layers can unfold, what determines their mechanical behavior, and how can we recognize them in the field? In order to address these questions, we present a series of numerical simulations of the stretching of previously folded single layers and multilayers in simple shear. Layers do not completely unfold when they undergo softening before or during the stretching process, or when adjacent competent layers prevent them from unfolding. Intrafolial folds and cusp-like folds adjacent to straight layers as well as variations in fold amplitudes and limb lengths of irregular folds are indicative of stretching of a fold train.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-566
Number of pages4
Issue number5
Early online date18 Mar 2013
Publication statusPublished - May 2013


  • single-layer folds
  • Eastern Pyrenees
  • superposed deformations
  • flow law
  • boudinage
  • strain
  • rotation
  • creus
  • zones
  • cap


Dive into the research topics of 'When do folds unfold during progressive shear?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this