Inherited retinal dystrophies (IRDs), displaying pronounced genetic and clinical heterogeneity, comprise of a broad range of diseases characterized by progressive retinal cell death and gradual loss of vision. By the combined use of whole exome sequencing (WES), SNP-array and WES-based homozygosity mapping, as well as directed DNA sequencing (Sanger), we have identified nine pathogenic variants in six genes (ABCA4, RPE65, MERTK, USH2A, SPATA7, TULP1) in 10 consanguineous Iranian families. Six of the nine identified variants were novel, including a putative founder mutation in ABCA4 (c.3260A>G, p.Glu1087Gly), detected in two families from Northeastern Iran. Our findings provide additional information to the molecular pathology of IRDs in Iran, hopefully contributing to better genetic counselling and patient management in the respective families from this country.
This research was funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Grant #176097 to CR). We would like to express gratitude to the patients and all their family members that participated in this study for their valuable cooperation and participation.
- Genetic variation
- medical genetics