Wind Power and Ecological Modernisation

David Toke, Peter Strachan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


We analyse the UK wind power programme using a particular variant of ecological modernization (EM) theory developed by Christoff (1996). This distinguishes between a centralist 'weak' EM strategy and a more decentralized 'strong' approach. A radical critique of EM is also considered. The 'weak' EM typology is most relevant to the case of wind power in the UK. However, 'strong' EM may have some purchase on account of its normative dimensions. Deployment of 'strong' EM may, in this case, go some way to defusing some of the criticisms made by observers operating from a radical green perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-166
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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