Zinc finger 259 gene polymorphism rs964184 is associated with serum triglyceride levels and metabolic syndrome

Seyed Reza Mirhafez, Amir Avan, Alireza Pasdar, Sara Khatamianfar, Leila Hosseinzadeh, Shiva Ganjali, Ali Movahedi, Maryam Pirhoushiaran, Valentina Gómez Mellado, Domenico Rosace, Anne van Krieken, Mahdi Nohtani, Gordon A. Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that include: abdominal obesity, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance. Recent genome wide association studies have identified several susceptibility regions involved in lipid metabolism that are also associated with MetS. We have explored the association of 9 genetic polymorphisms involved in lipid metabolism and hypertension, including: MTHFR C677T, SELE L554F, FGB - 455G>A, GNB3 C825T, ZNF259 C>G, PSRC-1 A>G, CETP I405V, LPL S447X and LPA C>T in 97 subjects with MetS and 96 individuals without MetS who were recruited randomly from Mashhad stroke and heart atherosclerotic disorder (MASHAD) study using a stratified cluster random sampling technique. Anthropometric parameters and biochemical measurements were determined in all the subjects. Genotyping was carried out followed by univariate and multivariate analyses. The subjects with MetS had a higher triglyceride and lower HDL- C. CG+ GG genotypes of ZNF259 polymorphism (rs964184 C>G) and TT+CT genotypes of MTHFR C677T (rs1801133) were associated with MetS, and individuals carrying the G allele for ZNF259 or the T allele for MTHFR polymorphisms were associated with MetS (e.g, odds ratio (OR) for CG+GG genotypes vs. CC wild type: 2.52, CI=1.33-4.77; P=0.005). However, after multiple comparison adjustment, this relationship remained significant only for CG+ GG genotypes of ZNF259 polymorphism. Moreover, the ZNF259 CG+ GG genotypes were associated with increased serum concentrations of triglycerides and LDL-C, compared to the wild type. These data support the necessity for further studies in larger multicenter settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-18
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular and Cellular Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • Gene polymorphisms
  • Lipid pathway
  • Metabolic syndrome


Dive into the research topics of 'Zinc finger 259 gene polymorphism rs964184 is associated with serum triglyceride levels and metabolic syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this