DXA-derived hip shape is related to osteoarthritis: findings from in the MrOS cohort

Ben Faber, Denis Baird, Celia Gregson, Jennifer Susan Gregory, R Y Barr, Richard Malcolm Aspden, John Lynch, Michael Nevitt, Nancy E. Lane, Eric Orwoll, Jon Tobias

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26 Citations (Scopus)
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Objective: Statistical shape modeling (SSM) of radiographs has been used to explore relationships between altered joint shape and hip osteoarthritis (OA). We aimed to apply SSM to Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) hip scans, and examine associations between resultant hip shape modes (HSMs), radiographic hip OA (RHOA), and hip pain, in a large population based cohort.

Method: SSM was performed on baseline hip DXA scans from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study. Associations between the top ten HSMs, and prevalent RHOA from pelvic radiographs obtained 4.6 years later, were analysed in 4100 participants. RHOA was defined as Croft score ≥ 2. Hip pain was based on pain on walking, hip pain on examination, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC).

Results: The five HSMs associated with RHOA showed features of either pincer- or cam-type deformities. HSM 1 (increased pincer-type deformity) was positively associated with RHOA [1.23 (1.09,1.39)] [odds ratio and 95% CI]. HSM 8 (reduced pincer-type deformity) was inversely associated with RHOA [0.79 (0.70,0.89)]. HSM 10 (increased cam-type deformity) was positively associated with RHOA [1.21 (1.07,1.37)]. HSM 3 and HSM 4 (reduced cam-type deformity) were inversely associated with RHOA [0.73 (0.65,0.83) and 0.82 (0.73,0.93) respectively]. HSM 3 was inversely related to pain on examination [0.84 (0.76,0.92)] and walking [0.88, (0.81,0.95)], and to WOMAC score [0.87 (0.80,0.93)].

Conclusions: DXA-derived measures of hip shape are associated with RHOA, and to a lesser extent hip pain, possibly reflecting their role in the pathogenesis of hip OA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2031-2038
Number of pages8
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number12
Early online date21 Sept 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

BF conducted this research whilst on a clinical research primer fellowship awarded by the Elizabeth Blackwell Institute, University of Bristol, UK. This study was funded by Arthritis Research UK project grant ref 20244. CG is funded by Arthritis Research UK grant ref 20000. The Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study is supported by National Institutes of Health funding. The following institutes provide support: the National Institute on Aging (NIA), the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), and NIH Roadmap for Medical Research under the following grant numbers: R01 AR052000, K24 AR048841, U01 AG027810, U01 AG042124, U01 AG042139, U01 AG042140, U01 AG042143, U01 AG042145, U01 AG042168, U01 AR066160, and UL1 TR000128.


  • hip shape
  • joint shape
  • active shape modeling


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