Emotion regulation and psychological well-being in teacher work engagement: A case of British and Iranian English language teachers

Vincent Troy Greenier, Ali Derakhshan* (Corresponding Author), Jalil Fathi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

225 Citations (Scopus)


Employing a sequential explanatory mixed-methods approach, this study investigated therole of emotion regulation and psychological well-being (PWB) as predictors of workengagement through using 108 British and 255 Iranian English language teachers as asample. A multi-group structural equation modelling was performed to identify differ-ences and similarities in the way emotion regulation and PWB could predict workengagement among British and Iranian English teachers. The valid measuring instrumentsof the three constructs were administered to collect the data in the two contexts. Theresults demonstrated measurement invariance, including both metric and scalar invari-ance, revealing that the constructs underlying the three scales possessed the sametheoretical structure across two groups (i.e., British vs. Iranian). It was also revealed thatboth emotion regulation and PWB significantly predicted work engagement for the wholesample of British and Iranian teachers. However, PWB appeared to be a stronger predictorof work engagement. Moreover, some cross-cultural differences were identified in theregression coefficients. On the whole, the association of the PWB and work engagementwas stronger for British teachers. The qualitative data analysis uncovered a number ofcategories and themes contributing to explaining differences between British and Iranianteachers. The results and implications are further discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102446
Number of pages18
Early online date4 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

The present study was funded by Golestan University under the Grant Number 992053. The authors wish to thank Golestan University for its support. They are also grateful to the insightful comments suggested by the editor and anonymous reviewers.


  • Emotion regulation
  • Measurement invariance
  • Multi-group structural equation modelling
  • Psychological well-being
  • Work engagement


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