Hashin’s bounds for elastic properties of particle-reinforced composites with graded interphase

Roberta Sburlati, Roberto Cianci, Maria Kashtalyan

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17 Citations (Scopus)
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The paper is focused on analytical prediction of the effective bulk and shear modulus for particulate composites reinforced with solid spherical particles surrounded by graded interphase zone. A three-dimensional elasticity problem for a single inclusion embedded in a finite matrix is studied. The graded interphase zone around the inclusion is assumed to have power law variation of the shear modulus with radial co-ordinate, with Poisson’s ratio assumed to be constant and equal to that of the matrix. Following Hashin’s approach, two boundary value problems are considered and stress and displacement fields in the interphase zone are determined. They are then used to calculate the elastic energy for the single inclusion composite under spherically symmetric state and pure shear state and derive closed-form expressions for the bulk modulus and the upper and lower bounds for the shear modulus. Numerical results for hard and soft interphase zones are presented and discussed for a range of the interphase zone thickness ratios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-235
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Early online date11 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Bibliographical note

Financial support of this research by the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Italian
Academy of Sciences International Exchange Bilateral Programme grant is gratefully acknowledged.


  • particle reinforced composites
  • elastic moduli
  • spherical inclusions
  • interphase effects


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