Hepatic protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) deficiency protects against obesity-induced endothelial dysfunction

Abdelali Agouni, Simon Tual-Chalot, Matthieu Chalopin, Lucie Duluc, Nimesh Mody, M. Carmen Martinez, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina, Mirela Delibegovic

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Growing evidence suggests that hepatic-insulin resistance is sufficient to promote progression to cardiovascular disease. We have shown previously that liver-specific protein-tyrosine-phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) deficiency improves hepatic-insulin sensitivity and whole-body glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of liver-specific PTP1B-deficiency (L-PTP1B-/-) on cardiac and peripheral vascular function, with special emphasis on endothelial function in the context of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity.
L-PTP1B-/- mice exhibited an improved glucose and lipid homeostasis and increased insulin sensitivity, without changes in body weight. HFD-feeding increased systolic blood pressure (BP) in both L-PTP1B-/- and control littermates; however, this was significantly lower in L-PTP1B-/- mice. HFD-feeding increased diastolic BP in control mice only, whilst the L-PTP1B-/- mice were completely protected. The analysis of the function of the left ventricle (LV) revealed that HFD-feeding decreased LV fractional shortening in control animals, which was not observed in L-PTP1B−/− mice. Importantly, HFD feeding significantly impaired endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in response to acetylcholine in aortas from control mice, whilst L-PTP1B−/− mice were fully protected. This was associated with alterations in eNOS phosphorylation. Selective inhibition of COX-2, using NS-398, decreased the contractile response in response to serotonin (5-HT) only in vessels from control mice. HFD-fed control mice released enhanced levels of prostaglandin E, a vasoconstrictor metabolite; whilst both chow- and HFD-fed L-PTP1B−/− mice released higher levels of prostacylin, a vasorelaxant metabolite.
Our data indicate that hepatic-PTP1B inhibition protects against HFD-induced endothelial dysfunction, underscoring the potential of peripheral PTP1B inhibitors in reduction of obesity-associated cardiovascular risk in addition to its anti-diabetic effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-617
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Issue number4
Early online date30 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2014

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by a Diabetes UK project grant to Dr M. Delibegović (BDARD08/0003597), Tenovus Scotland grant to Dr. M. Delibegovic and Dr. A. Agouni and travel grants from the Physiological Society and Company of Biologists to Dr. A. Agouni. Dr Delibegovic is also funded by an RCUK Fellowship, British Heart Foundation, EFSD/Lilly diabetes programme grant and the Royal Society. Dr Agouni is funded by the Royal Society and the Physiological Society. This work is supported by the INSERM and CHU of Angers. The authors are thankful to the functional imaging center of Angers (CIFAB) for the use of echocardiography.


  • PTP1B
  • insulin resistance
  • endothelial dysfunction
  • tyrosine phosphatase
  • eNOS


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