A well-established liberal tradition of reading Spinoza casts him as a forerunner of Enlightenment doctrines of equality. Jonathan Israel, in his influential and important books, argues that modern political ideas of freedom and equality are rooted in the "radical" Spinozistic Enlightenment as much as they are in the "moderate" Enlightenment of Locke, Rousseau, and Kant. In a recent book, Israel (2010) claims that the Spinozistic radical Enlightenment is the democratic and egalitarian tradition of thought, whereas the moderate Enlightenment sought to maintain social, economic, and political hierarchies. Nick Nesbitt, while critical of Israel, upholds this claim, arguing that Spinoza believes in "the pursuit of undivided, universal equality by whatever means necessary" (2012, 166).
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||History of Philosophy Quarterly|
|Early online date||31 Jan 2014|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2014|
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- School of Divinity, History & Philosophy, Philosophy - Personal Chair
- School of Divinity, History & Philosophy, Centre for Knowledge and Society (CEKAS)
- School of Divinity, History & Philosophy, George Washington Wilson Centre for Art and Visual Culture
- School of Divinity, History & Philosophy, Centre for Early Modern Studies
- School of Language, Literature, Music & Visual Culture, Centre for Citizenship, Civil Society & Rule of Law (CISRUL)