What do we know about the biology of the emerging fungal pathogen of humans Candida auris?  

Gustavo Bravo Ruiz, Alexander Lorenz

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40 Citations (Scopus)
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Candida auris is a worrisome fungal pathogen of humans which emerged merely about a decade ago. Ever since then the scientific community worked hard to understand clinically relevant traits, such as virulence factors, antifungal resistance mechanisms, and its ability to adhere to human skin and medical devices. Whole-genome sequencing of clinical isolates and epidemiological studies outlining the path of nosocomial outbreaks have been the focus of research into this pathogenic and multidrug-resistant yeast since its first description in 2009. More recently, work was started by several laboratories to explore the biology of C. auris. Here, we review the insights of studies characterizing the mechanisms underpinning antifungal drug resistance, biofilm formation, morphogenetic switching, cell aggregation, virulence, and pathogenicity of C. auris. We conclude that, although some progress has been made, there is still a long journey ahead of us, before we fully understand this novel pathogen. Critically important is the development of molecular tools for C. auris to make this fungus genetically tractable and traceable. This will allow an in-depth molecular dissection of the life cycle of C. auris, of its characteristics while interacting with the human host, and the mechanisms it employs to avoid being killed by antifungals and the immune system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number126621
Number of pages13
JournalMicrobiological Research
Early online date9 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Biofilm formation
  • Candida aurisgenetics
  • Chromosomes
  • Morphogenetic switching
  • Phenotype


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